Creating Windows Instances » History » Version 5
Creating Windows Instances¶
- Creating Windows Instances
Copy installer ISO /stuff/cdimages¶
Download the iso image via the network or plug in the usb-flash with the image (it will be automatically mounted to /media/usb).
Place the image into /stuff/cdimages.
To transfer the files you can use the visual file manager "mc".
If you wish to make the copy of a real CD-ROM, then use the command
# dd if=/dev/cdrom of=/stuff/cdimages/Image.iso
The name of the CD-drive may be /dev/cdrom, /dev/scd0 or other. To figure out the drive's device name, plug in the CD-ROM into the drive, then wait several seconds and check the log of the kernel:
# dmesg|tail -20
hЗ. Add new instance
gnt-instance add -t drbd --disk=0:size=20g --net=0:link=xen-lan -H xen-hvm:cdrom_image_path=/stuff/cdimages/ru_win_srv_2008_r2_sp2.iso,boot_order=cd,disk_type=ioemu,use_localtime=true -o windows+default -B memory=8g --no-ip-check --no-name-check -n gnt1:gnt2 w2k8
Connect to instance vnc console and install the system¶
You should use vncviewer to connect vnc console(e.g. from xtightvncviewer package).
address and port:
# gnt-instance info INSTANCE|grep vnc
On windows we recommend to use ultravnc:
GPLPV Driver install¶
After install you should add this drivers in system: http://wiki.univention.de/index.php?title=Installing-signed-GPLPV-drivers
There is no additional actions after install.
You must reboot twice and check that disks in device manager your disk drives have disk type consist XEN word.
After install you may detach distribution iso:
# gnt-instance modify -H boot_order=c cdrom_image_path='' INSTANCE
Disable TaskOffload and TX Offloas¶
Without it there will be lags in rdp and in other tasks.
1. Load the Windows Registry editor - regedit.
2. Add a new DWORD key named DisableTaskOffload with a value of 1 to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\Parameters
3. Restart server.
TX Offload May be disabled in NIC settings.
Upon the instance setup via above instructions, the system time should set up correctly.
If the system time is wrong, you need following:
- Set "use_localtime=true" in the hypervisor parameters (as in the "instance add" example)
- Set timezone in Windows
- Set proper local time in Windows (via standard clock tool)
this will set the time shift which will be saved upon shutdown
- Reboot to verify that time shift is saved and taken in effect
RDP-6 in 32bpp generate less traffic than 24bpp and sometimes not more than 16bpp.
Default bpp policy setup:
Performance Tuning Guidelines for Windows Server 2008 R2